I. INTRODUCTION AND MODULE OBJECTIVES
The Sustainable Heritage Management Foundation Course is introduced by UNESCO Bangkok in cooperation with Think City Institute and the Asian Academy for Heritage Management. It focuses on the ‘Core Competencies’ defined under the new “Competence Framework for Cultural Heritage Management.” Participants are expected to develop capacities to respond intelligently and effectively to the real-world demands in sustainable heritage management.
This module will cover the topic of Heritage Policies, Principles, Processes and Ethics (HER) as one of the core competencies identified under UNESCO’s recently published Competence Framework for Sustainable Development.
Module Objective: Incorporating and implementing heritage principles, charters, and conventions in all steps of the heritage management process.
Module learning outcomes:
- Understanding the heritage policies, principles, and processes within a sustainable mindset
- Utilizing the tools and good practices for the sustainable management of the historic environment.
- Developing critical positions in conservation issues.
II. TEACHING TEAM
Professor Ho Puay-peng
Head, Department of Architecture
UNESCO Chair on Architectural Heritage Conservation and Management in Asia
Professor Ho holds the UNESCO Chair on Architectural Heritage Conservation and Management in Asia and is currently Head of Department of Architecture, School of Design and Environment, National University of Singapore. Having close to 30 years of experience in the academia, Puay-peng’s main research interests are in architectural history and conservation practices, and how the knowledge can be translated in teaching and practice. Before joining NUS in 2017, Puay-peng was Professor of Architecture and served as Director of School of Architecture and University Dean of Students at The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Sustaining his research is the quest to understand the religious culture and its architectural forms. His main focus is Buddhist architecture and ritual of medieval China. Puay-peng is a conservation consultant, architect and adviser to some 100 conservation projects in Hong Kong and Singapore since 2003, including PMQ (former Police Married Quarters), Haw Par Villa, Comix Homebase, Oil Street Art Space, Court of Final Appeal, and New Campus for Chicago University Booth School. Puay-peng Ho was also appointed to many public and private boards and committees in Hong Kong, including as Chairman of the Lord Wilson Heritage Trust, member of Town Planning Board, Antiquities Advisory Board, and currently a member of Senior Advisory Board of Global Heritage Fund and a Patron of the International Dunhuang Project of British Library.
Associate Professor Johannes Widodo
Programme Director, Master of Arts/ Graduate Diploma in Architectural Conservation
Director, NUS-Tun Tan Cheng Lock Centre for Asian Architectural and Urban Heritage in Melaka (Malaysia)
Dr Johannes Widodo is an Associate Professor, the director of MA.ArC (Master of Arts in Architectural Conservation) program, and NUS-Tun Tan Cheng Lock Centre for Asian Architectural and Urban Heritage in Melaka (Malaysia) of the Department of Architecture, National University of Singapore. He is an Associate Member of the Singapore Institute of Architects (SIA), the founder of mAAN (modern Asian Architecture Network), Executive Committee member of the Asian Academy for Heritage Management (since 2019), jury member for UNESCO Asia Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation, member of ICOMOS International Scientific Committee, a founding member and director of ICOMOS National Committee of Singapore and Indonesia, a founding member and director of DoCoMoMo Macau and DoCoMoMo Singapore, the founder and executive director of iNTA (International Network of Tropical Architecture). He served as an advisory board member of the Preservation of Sites and Monuments of the National Heritage Board of Singapore (2013-2019). He is a board member of SEACHA (South-East Asian Cultural Heritage Alliance) platform (since 2019). He received his first professional degree in Architecture (Ir.) from Parahyangan Catholic University (Bandung, Indonesia, 1984), Master of Architectural Engineering (MArchEng.) from Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Leuvn, Belgium, 1988), and PhD in Architecture from the University of Tokyo (Tokyo, Japan, 1996).
Dr Nikhil Joshi
Senior Lecturer, Department of Architecture
Nikhil Joshi is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Architecture at the National University of Singapore (NUS). Educated at the University of Pune (India), University of York (UK) and National University of Singapore (Singapore). His research interests include cultural heritage management; traditional building materials and techniques; and community participatory approaches. Before joining NUS, Nikhil worked and taught in India, UK, and Malaysia for over a decade. He is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, UK, and recipient of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings – Lethaby Scholarship, UK. He has been an active speaker in various conferences throughout the world and has several publications to his name. His main recent publications include Mahabodhi Temple at Bodhgaya: Constructing sacred placeness, deconstructing the ‘great case’ of 1895 (2019); Managing change: Urban heritage and community development in historic Asian cities (2018, edited); Community voices: Preserving the local heritage (2016); People + places: Exploring the living heritage of Songkhla old town (2016, edited).
III. MODULE FORMAT
The Module format is divided into the following:
- Self-learning component
- Interactive tutorial sessions
The self-learning components are comprised of lecture videos, curated readings and quizzes that are accessible via Think City Institute website. Participants must engage with these materials and complete the tasks required at their own time and pace before attending the corresponding interactive tutorial sessions.
The interactive tutorial sessions will be real-time online sessions that will take place on the specified dates and times (please refer to the detailed course schedule in the following section). These sessions will recap the content from the corresponding self-learning component and also reinforce the core concepts of the session through interactive media, such as polls and Q&A sessions.
In this Module, the participants would acquire knowledge about principles for cultural heritage management; heritage conservation policies; and values-based management process. The participants are required to answer a set of quizzes at the end of each self-learning session. The results of the quizzes will form the basis of discussion during the interactive tutorial sessions.
Note: Each quiz will close at 11 am (as per time in Bangkok), the same day as the interactive tutorial sessions. Participants are required to engage with the provided materials and answer the quiz before the deadline.
Theme: Principles for cultural heritage management within a sustainability mindset
Jokilehto, Jukka (1986). A history of architectural conservation. https://www.iccrom.org/publication/history-architectural-conservation
Leung, Yu-Fai, Spenceley, Anna, Hvenegaard, Glen, and Buckley, Ralf (eds.) (2018). Tourism and visitor management in protected areas: Guidelines for sustainability. Best Practice Protected Area Guidelines Series No. 27, Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. xii + 120 pp.
Stovel, Herb (2008). ‘Origins and influence of the Nara document on authenticity’ in APT Bulletin 39 (2/3): 9-17. https://www.iccrom.org/sites/default/files/publications/2020-05/convern8_01_hstovel_ing.pdf
UNESCO (1994). ‘Nara document on authenticity.’ https://whc.unesco.org/archive/nara94.htm
UNESCO. ‘The operational guidelines for the implementation of the world heritage convention.’ https://whc.unesco.org/en/guidelines/
United Nations. ‘Goals 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.’ https://sdgs.un.org/goals/goal11
Theme: Heritage conservation policies
Cody, Jeff & Francesco Siravo (eds.) (2019). Historic cities: issues in urban conservation, Los Angeles, California: The Getty Conservation Institute.
Fei Chen, Carol Ludwig & Olivier Sykes (eds.) (2020). ‘Heritage conservation through planning: a comparison of policies and principles in England and China,’ in Planning Practice and Research. https://doi.org/10.1080/02697459.2020.1752472
Tong, Mingkang (2016). ‘Cultural heritage conservation in China: practices and achievements in the twenty-first century,’ in Conservation Perspectives. https://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/newsletters/31_1/practices_achievements.html
UNESCO. ‘The world heritage conservation process.’ https://whc.unesco.org/en/activities/486/
United Nations. ‘Sustainable development goals.’ https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/
Theme: Values-based management process and ethics
Avrami, Erica, Randall Mason, Susan Macdonald & David Myers (eds.) (2019). Values in heritage management: emerging approaches and research directions, Los Angeles, California: The Getty Conservation Institute, 14-58. https://www.getty.edu/publications/virtuallibrary/pdf/9781606066195.pdf
Bandarin, Francesco & Ron van Oers (eds) (2012). The historic urban landscape: managing heritage in an urban century, NJ: Wiley.
Brown, Andrew (2016). ‘Statements of significance: the view from historic England’ in The Building Conservation Directory, Wiltshire, England: Cathedral Communications Limited. https://www.buildingconservation.com/articles/statements-of-significance/statements-of-significance.htm
Chitty, Gill (ed.) (2017). Heritage, conservation and communities: engagement, participation and capacity building, London: Routledge.
Clark, Kate (2014). ‘Values-based heritage management and the heritage lottery fund in the UK,’ in APT Bulletin: The Journal of Preservation Technology, 45:2/3, 65-71. www.jstor.org/stable/23799529
Cleere, Henry (ed.) (1984). Approaches to the archaeological heritage: a comparative study of world cultural resource management systems, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Commissioner for Heritage’s Office (2018). ‘Initiatives on heritage conservation.’ https://www.heritage.gov.hk/en/heritage/conservation.htm
de la Torre, Marta (ed.) (2002). Assessing the values of cultural heritage, Los Angeles, California: The Getty Conservation Institute. https://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/assessing.pdf
English Heritage (2008). Conservation principles: policies and guidance for the sustainable management of the historic environment, London: English Heritage. https://historicengland.org.uk/images-books/publications/conservation-principles-sustainable-management-historic-environment/conservationprinciplespoliciesandguidanceapril08web/
Freitas, Raquel (2016). ‘Cultural mapping as a development tool,’ in City, culture and society,
Vol 7:1, 9-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ccs.2015.10.002
Heritage Lottery Fund (nd). ‘Conservation management plans: a guide.’ http://ip51.icomos.org/~fleblanc/documents/management/doc_ConservationManagementPlans-Guide.pdf
Myers, David, Stacie Nicole Smith & Gail Ostergren (eds.) (2016). Consensus building, negotiation, and conflict resolution for heritage place management, Los Angeles, California: The Getty Conservation Institute. https://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/consensus_building.pdf
ICOMOS China (2015). Zhongguo wen wu gu ji bao hu zhun ze = Principles for the conservation of heritage sites in China, Beijing Shi: Wenwu chubanshe. http://hdl.handle.net/10020/gci_pubs/china_principles_2015
Joshi, Nikhil (ed.) (2016). Community voices: preserving the local heritage, Bangkok: Asian Coalition for Housing Rights. http://communityarchitectsnetwork.info/upload/opensources/public/file_03022017214209.pdf
Natural England (nd). ‘Preparing a heritage management plan.’ https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/350304/NE63-preparing-a-heritage-management-plan.pdf
Philip, Susan S (2020). ‘Cultural mapping and the making of heritage’ in Gabriel S. (eds) Making heritage in Malaysia, Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-1494-4_5
The Burra Charter: the Australia ICOMOS charter for places of cultural significance (2013). http://openarchive.icomos.org/2145/2/The-Burra-Charter-2013-Adopted-31.10.2013.pdf
UNESCO (2016). The HUL Guidebook. Bad Ischl, Austria: UNESCO. http://historicurbanlandscape.com/themes/196/userfiles/download/2016/6/7/wirey5prpznidqx.pdf